In my 30 years experience in the field of education I have come across 13 different dys-abilities, which I prefer to address as difficulties. The best known ones are Dylexia, Dysgraphia, and Dyscalculia, others being Dysphasia, Dyslalia, Dysglossia and so on. Whenever there is a difficulty more than one of these can occur in conjunction to different degrees. Even people who have traits pertaining to the autistic spectrum can have one or more of these dys-abilities.
This is some controversy as whether Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder [AD(H)D] actually exists. There are those who claim that diet and lifestyle have a lot to do with it; there seem to be certain countries where the incidence is higher and there are people who say that it is just a personality trait, to name just a couple of the controversies.
This umbrella term has changed over the years from Autism to Aspergers Syndrome being a type of Autism. More and more permutations of autism have been found, leading to the coinage of latest term, Autistic Spectrum, which includes all the different varieties.
I pride myself in being holistic when working with a student, therefore I do not follow specific, limiting assessments, but use a combination of several according to the student’s individual needs.Some of the assessments are carried out to find the student’s strengths and weaknesses. Others are to find out how they perceive information. So I combine different types of assessment to give me a global view of the student’s learning process.